It is an oasis wrapped in the south west of Jaipur green hills. Founder of the city was Raja Ajay Pal Chauhan in the Century of 7th A.D. and continued to be Chauhan power a major centre till 1193 A.D. when it is lost to Mohammed Gaure by Prithviraj Chauhan. Ajmer since then became home to many dynasties. Ajmer is a famous Hindus pilgrimage centre as well as Muslims. Especially popular is the Sufi saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti’s Dargah Sharif- tomb which is equally respected by the Muslims and Hindus. Ajmer is an education and culture centre and Ajmer is chose of British for its prestigious a school exclusively of Mayo College for Indian nobility. Also Ajmer is the base for visiting Pushkar which is the Lord Brahmas abode lying to its west with a picturesque lake and temple. For Hindus, this lake is a sacred spot. Here to take a holy dip in the sacred lake, devotees throng in the large numbers, during the Kartik month Oct / Nov.
Founder of Ajmer is Ajaypal Chauhan in the 7th century. He constructed the invincible hill or a hill fort “Ajaimeur”. Till the 12th century, the Chauhans ruled Ajmer, when lost Mohammed Ghauri by Prithviraj Chauhan. Also favorite residence for the great Mughals was Ajmer. Between Sir Thomas Roe and the Mughal King Jahangir, one of the first contacts, here took place in 1616. It became one of the Rajasthan’s only part which is directly controlled by the East Indian Company and in 1818 the Scindias took over the city and then handed it over to the British.
Dargah Khwaja Sahib
Dargah Khwaja Sahib is one of the holiest Muslim shrines in the country and is landmark of Ajmer. It has all sect revered by people and secular appeal. A Sufi Saint of Khwaja Moin- ud- din Chisti 1192 this place his abode from Persia till he died in 1236 AD. Complete construction of the shrine by Mughal King Humayun. Through a massive gate the Dargah is approached with built in several stages of silver doors. An annual pilgrimage to Ajmer is made by Emperor Akbar. Shah Zahan and Akbar those are Mughal Emperor have built mosques in the complex. The tomb of saint is in the second courtyard centre and inside of the actual tomb is surrounded by a silver railing and partly by a screen of marble. The dome is plated by gold and tomb is of marble. The atmosphere is charged inside the shrine and flowers offerings mainly sweets and rose and supernatural with incense burning. You see two massive ‘degs’ meaning cauldrons as you enter the courtyard of Dargah. Jahangir and Akbar Mughal Emperors donated these cauldrons originally but in the 19th century they have been replaced. The smaller one contains rice 2240 kg while the larger cauldron can contain as much as rice 4480 kg. During Urs fair the shrine comes alive with activity when devotees millions throng the shrine. According to Islamic calendar Urs is held on the month of seventh lunar and according to the solar calendar it is variable. During Urs saint receives special blessings as it is believed that those visiting Sufis and believer converge from all over India and abroad. You cover your head which is compulsory while inside the complex so remember to carry a scarf or a skullcap. An international wakf (endowment) is the Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti Dargah the Dargah Khwaja Saheb Act managed less than 1955 of Indian Government.
Nasiyan Red Temple
A Digambar Jain temple is the red temple which has a hall adjacent of double- storey to the main temple. From Jain mythology, the large gold plated hall displays series wooden figures depicting legends. Richly adorned by silver work, glass mosaic, gold and precious stones is the entire hall. Soni Ji Ki Nasiyan is the popular name of this place. This Temple is made of red sand stone that’s why the temple is also known by the name Red Temple. Here, you will get to see many images of the Tirthankars and there is a marble staircase which leads to the main temple.
The most impressive Ajmer city structures is Star Fort or Taragarh Fort. Taragarh Fort has 6 gates and the giant fort stands guarding the city. It also has Miran Saheb ki Dargah laid down his life in an encounter and who was the governor of the fort. This fort has historical importance and immense archaeological. It provides an amazing view of the city which is situated on Aravalli ranges Nagpahari.
By Road: Well linked by road with Kota, Udaipur, Agra, Bundi, Jaisalmer, Bharatpur, Mt Abu, Delhi, Bikaner, Chittaurgarh, Jodhpur and Jaipur. Buses are also connected Ajmer with these places.
By Train: This place is well linked to Mt Abu, Delhi, Jaipur, Agra, Bharatpur, Jodhpur, Ahmedabad, , Bikaner and Barmer by rail and Bombay via Ahmedabad.
By Air: from Ajmer, the nearest Airport is the Sanganer Airport which is located in Jaipur. Travelers can reach the destination by road and rail from there.