Dates back to the epic age of Bharatpur history when, here, the Matsya Kingdom flourished in the 5th century BC in the war of Mahabharata, the matsya were allies of the Pandavas. The brother of Lord Rama of Ayodhya the name of Bharatpur is traced to Bharat who’s other brother Laxman was given family deity high place of the ruling family of Bharatpur, according to tradition. Name of Bharat also appears in the coat- of- arms and state seals. Founder of Bharatpur is Maharaja Suraj Mal in 1733 AD which is also called the Eastern gateway of Rajasthan. Suraj Mal (adopted son of Raja Badan Singh) had shown signs of promise, the rival chief, from Khemkaran when he captured the Bharatpur fort, thus laid the Bharatpur City foundations and whom he killed.
In the midst of political disorder, Maharaja Suraj Mal displayed immense carved and courage a niche for himself. He went from one success to another gathering around him fiercely martial Jat peasants. At the Bagru battle he led the Jaipur vanguard against the Marathas he accompanied Emperor Mohammed Shah against Ali Mohammed Ruhela in 1748 AD. The Mughal emperor in Chief he also defeated the commander. Across the kingdom he built numerous palaces and forts including the Pleasure Palace complex at Deeg which is another famous attraction of Bharatpur. Today, over for its Keoladeo Ghana National Park is known the world. During the month of winter the park is known for the Siberian flocks Cranes that migrate here, a former hunting ground for the royal family.
It has a large number rich repository of ancient exhibit that date back to the early 15th century. In the central wing there is also a museum with a few exhibits dating to the AD 2nd century. A medieval monument is Bharatpur Palace in the old city of Bharatpur. This palace is a fine blend of Rajput and Mughal architecture built different Maharajas in several phases. The palace magnificent chambers are richly ornamented with exquisite intricate designs with patterned floor tiles.
An antique collection a museum of the palace houses dating back to 2nd century which forms an ancient culture invaluable historical record of the region. Bharatpur Palace is considered to be a best monument due to the highly intricate and this palace has grand designs on the walls and huge chambers.
Kachahari Kalan the huge building which houses the museum was previously the administrative block of the Bharatpur state rulers and then transformed into a museum in 1944. This was a rich collection of various archaeological items. There are a tourist’s attractions numbers as well within the Government Museum. A major attraction for all the dwellers of travelers and Bharatpur alike is a Bharatpur government museum. An exquisite collection of antiques, a number of ancient inscriptions and sculptures after being transformed into museum displays, the Kamra Khas of the fort.
The museum central wing also gives an enriching experience as well. After the excavation of villages such Mailah, Bayana and Bareh the museum also possesses sculptures that were found. Government Museum is one of the most famous attractions of tourist in Bharatpur which is makes by inscriptions boast immense historical value, the various artifacts.
One of the forts is Lohargarh Fort in Bharatpur district Rajasthan which was constructed by Maharaja Suraj Mal. Made of iron is the meaning of Lohargarh that why the fort is called Lohargarh. Against the foreign invasions, it provided a fabulous shelter. Over the British Troops, this contributed greatly in the victory of the Jats. The one facing north is made of eight metals or called Ashtdhaatu amongst these.
And other one faces south and is known as Chowburja as it is a gate of four- pillared. One of the interest oft- visited places in Bharatpur is this massive structure. As a living testimony to the courage and chivalry of the Bharatpur Jat rulers, the fort stands proudly. Woven in the Lohargarh Fort walls is the history of the district.
Deeg is a small town which is located 22 miles north of Bharatpur contains an exquisite pleasure palace that must be seen far off the tourist trail. Therefore, low on the priority list and however, it’s off the tourist trail- the palace is in much disrepair for the same reason. During our visit the highest we’d seen we were put off by the hefty admission price for foreigners upon our arrival at the gate. You get an amazing view of the gardens from here.
The palaces are considered by some to be second only to the Taj Mahal in their symmetry and beauty, are around formal Mughal gardens. From the north you can enter the fort and get view of the ruins in marble and Redstone. We had visited that were stripped of their art and furnishings, from the other palaces, a far cry. The Rup Sagar and the Gopal Sagar these are two tanks on either side.
Keoladeo Ghana National Park
Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary or Keoladeo Ghana National Park lies between two most historic cities of India Jaipur and Agra. From the national capital of Delhi this north Indian sanctuary is situated in the northwestern country Rajasthan state about 190 km. From the name of an ancient temple of Hindus devoted to Lord Shiva in the sanctuary, the name Keoladeois derived.
The national park is water marshes, bogs and full of fresh shallow lakes. This area is converted into a world famous wildlife reserve from Prince Bhamji of Morvi state in Gujarat in the 20th century. After which hunting was banned later it was used as a Maharaja Suraj Mal duck hunting sight of Bharatpur till 1964. This city was acknowledgeable as a UNESCO world heritage site in 1985. There are a wide variety of mammals other than the birds, spotted deer, blue bull and such feral cattle.
An architectural wonder is Ganga Mandir. This temple has a different story attached to it; this temple is built by Maharaja Balwant Singh in 1845. Any increment in their salary for the temple or it is believed that all the people employed in the state service were asked to donate salary of one month. This money only, the temple was constructed out.
One of the most famous temples of Bharatpur is Laxman temple which is dedicated to Laxman, the brother of Lord Rama. Laxman temples centralized location makes it easily accessible. About this temple, Indian Holiday offers complete online information. In the heart of city there are two Laxman temples. This was established by named Naaga Baba, a sage. Laxman Mandir is pretty stonework with carvings in the arches, doorways and pillars.
By Road: Bharatpur is well connected with roads to major cities in Delhi, Rajasthan, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. From Awar, Jaipur, Mathura and adjoining areas regular bus services ply.
By Train: Delhi, Agra, Jaipur and Mumbai these major cities are well connected to Bharatpur railway station.
By Air: Agra is the nearest airport from Bharatpur about 56 km. From Agra and New Delhi you can also be hired a private taxis.