After Jaipur, the second largest city in Rajasthan is this bustling city of desert and has dominated of landscape by the massive Fort of Meherangarh topping a sheer rocky ridge. Fenced by 10 km long wall is the old city with Gates of eight leading out of it and outside the walled city is the new city. A chief of the Rathore clan is Rao Jodha founded the city in 1459 and it’s named after him.
Their original homeland Kaunaj the Afghans drove the Rathores out. From present day Jodhpur, around Pali a short distance, they fled to this region. Lead of a man oeuvre to marriage between a local prince’s sister and Rathore Siahaji that helped the Rathores to establish and strengthen them in this region. Just present day Jodhpur 9 km, in fact they flourished so well that managed to oust the Mandore Pratiharas. A need for more capital lead of secured to the Meherangarh found 1459. It was founded by Rao Jodha and fort on its rocky perch. In the struggle of latter for war of succession, Shah Jahan supported by Maharaja Jaswant Singh and Mughals enjoyed good relations by the Rathores. They had been with Aurangzeb only problematic relationship. From Ajmer, after the death of Aurangzeb drove out Mughals through Maharaja Ajit Singh and added it to Marwar.
The Mehrangarh Fort
By Rao Jodha the founder of Jodhpur on the steep hill summit called the bird’s nest or Bakharchiriya, the fort was built in 1459, earlier the fort called the Chintamani Fort. By gates or eight Pols (now seven) the citadel was fortified regulating entry into the premises. You do get an eye view of bird of the city with its whitewashed homes if you stand atop the fort and the castle spans the expansive ramparts some 10 km.
An apt name for the hilltop was Bakharchiriya on which the fort now sits, you get a commanding view of the landscape from there and is perched on Meherangarh top. You can even sight the Kumbhalgarh fort which is situated a good away of 125 km in fact from that vantage point. Above the plain the fort stands 122 meters and rises on sheer bare rock. From seven to twenty four meters it is fortified by ranging of wall in thickness and rising up to 40 meters height.
The Jaswant Thada
This is the traditional cremation ground of the Jodhpur rulers which is located half way up the interminably long road that climbs onwards to the fort. The fabulous white marble memorial to Jaswant Singh II is chattris and gardens taking pride of place amongst the ornamental which is built in 1899. In the same neighborhood the cenotaphs of other rulers are relatively simpler. Rajputana style a perfect example of architecture is the splendid edifice.
The Umaid Bhawan Palace
The Umaid Bhawan Palace is one palace that combines architectural extravaganza with aesthetic triumph. At the Hotel of Umaid Bhawan Palace it is absolutely stay if there is something that is good experienced than described. This Palace consumed one million square feet of the finest marble furnished with Art Deco of fashionable interiors by the Polish decorators and artist. Jodhpur contained everything the world of Umaid Bhawan Palace Hotel that the royalty required a luxurious swimming pool inlaid with tiles depicting the zodiac, a majestic hall of durbar, a private cinema hall, servant quarters, gigantic royal suites, billiards room, libraries, fancy ball rooms, banquet halls, a soaring rotunda and staff quarters.
The Rai Ka Bagh Palace
A well known tourist spot is the Rai Ka Bagh Palace of Jodhpur in Rajasthan to visit here. The Rai Ka Bagh Palace built by the queen of Maharaja Jaswant Singh 1, Hadiji in 1663 which is located right next to the railway station of Raika Bagh Palace. He preached from this palace when Swami Dayanand Saraswati visited Jodhpur in 1883. He gave sermons by the king as well in the palace grounds attended in 1883. The region palace houses the income tax office at present.
A famous local attraction is Mandore garden. There are the cenotaphs or dewals of former rulers of Jodhpur in the Mandore garden. It has high terrace of rock. From 8 am to 8 pm the garden is open for tourists. Still intact on the hilltop are the ruined palace and fort of yester years and there is Mandore garden for amusement of public below this and maharajas of Jodhpur has the cenotaphs probably using this garden. There is the Hall of Heroes besides a baoli from where the path to the fort reaches Mandore Gardens with 15 figures living rock carved out.
The Jodhpur city has some wonderfully garden of landscaped to boast of although situated in the Rajasthan desert city. Considered to be major attractions of tourist are the gardens in Jodhpur. Through gardens and parks is one of the good ways to connect with nature. From the desert landscape acting as a break they are a visual treat to the tourists eyes. You should visit the various parks during tours to Jodhpur. Gardens of Jodhpur for the purpose of sightseeing there are quite a few gorgeous. Jodhpur warrants a special mention among them.
Umed garden is one of the famous gardens of Jodhpur. This garden is spread on 82 acres area. It was developed by Maharaja Umed Singh. From different directions the Umed garden has five separate gates around it to entry of facilitate to the garden. The Garden has lush green lawns with pretty roses and opther seasoned flowers. A library and a zoo are a museum artistically designed fountains towering Ashoka trees also inside the garden. Umed Garden is one of the famous royal state landmarks and a walk in the lush environs is refreshing.
It is situated on High Court Road in Jodhpur. Government Museum is popular tourists for wide collection of featuring. This museum displays miniature portraits, images, weapons, local crafts and textiles are rich assortment of Jain Tirthankars constructed during the Maharaja’s rules. Which several desert birds kept it boasts of stuffed animals in glass cases with thorn bush capture immense attention. After Maharaja Sadar Singh of Jodhpur the museum named is built during the time of Maharaja Umaid Singhji.
Clock Tower and Sadar Market
It is a prominent land mark in the old city but Sadar Market is the main attraction. A lively, colorful, bustling market is Sadar Market which runs from Gate of Sojati to the Clock tower. It has kept alive the culture of old ‘haat bazar’. You can see the Meherangarh Fort vast bulk which dominates the skyline for miles around in the distance.
Today, the Jhanki Mahal houses the royal cradles a rich collection in the courtyard from where the royal ladies watched the official proceedings. The Janki Mahal cradles are decorated with figures of fairies and mirrors of gilt, birds and elephant.
An ancient city lie ruins called Ossian which is 65 km from Jodhpur. Belong to 8th and 11th century; this city is popular for Jain and Brahmanical temples. The Sachiya temples and Sun or Surya temple are popular for their beauty. A hall of large assembly and an ambulatory with an elaborate ceiling, the Sachiya temple shikhar is clustered by two turrets rows. A houses and an oasis an abundance of peacocks is this town which was once a great trading centre. Brahmanical temples and the 16 largest Jain are dedicated to Mahavira who was the last of the Jain tirthankars. The temple of Surya has fascinating images of Ganesh, Durga and Surya in the same area. The Osian temples sculptural intricacy rival that of any of the country’s famous temples or the Karnataka Hoysala temple, be it the Konark Sun temple. The city was a major religious centre of the kingdom and was named as Upkeshapur or Ukesha.
Now, the most famous period room is Phool Mahal meaning ‘the flowers palace’ in Mehrangarh Fort Museum which was built by Maharaja Abhaya Singh in the 8th century as a private room for the pleasure of king. From Gujarat the gold used for the Phool Mahal construction which is believed to have construction as the war booty in which the king defeated a governor of Mughal.
Balsamand Lake and Palace
Mandore offers you this kind of comfort in Balsamand Palace. Palace is built facing Balsammand Lake on a hillock. This famous excursion is made up of sandstone and it was constructed in 19th century. This palace is built by Maharaja Sur Singh of Jodhpur as a summer pavilion encircled by hills. This palace is beautifully carved of Jodhpur, Rajasthan.
The latticed windows are allowing the cool breeze to blow into the palace. The side of lake has domed structure that gives fabulous views of the lake in the front of the palace. From the reservoir bringing down water, from an artificial waterfall the gardens get water.
From the main Jodhpur city discover a world of rustic cultural grandeur and tribal color on your tours to the Village of Guda Bishnoi which is located at a distance of 25 km. Here you can see migratory birds stop and drink water and picnic near the tiny manmade lake located in the Guda Bishnoi Village. At the floral variety of marvel that flourishes in a supposedly barren land and deer photographs herds that stop and gaze at you with eyes of vulnerable.
Jaswant Sagar Dam
This dam lies between Bhavi and Bilara in Pichiyak village of Jodhpur. Jaswant Sagar Dam was constructed by Maharaja Jaswant Singh in 1892. The water is utilized for purposes of irrigation from Jaswant Sagar Dam of Jodhpur. From this dam, the greenest Jodhpur part receives water. Boating facilities have for tourists are also available here for those who love wading or boating around in water. You can also visit to the Dam of Jaswant Sagar as an educational trip for the children.
Machiya Safari Park
A must watch site is Machiya safari park near Jodhpur. The park rustic wilderness will your heart is certainly steal when you visit this place. Also the fort offers an amazing view of the sunset. An elephant ride for an eye view of bird of the picturesque wildlife park, you can also take up. While riding on the elephant, the mesmerizing park, examine the flora and fauna. We say that an interesting place is Machiya Safari Park so in a nutshell and if you are on a trip to Jodhpur definitely you should not miss on it.
From the Jodhpur this city is situated at 70 km. From Ahmedabad in South and Delhi in North links NH 14. This city has two temples of very old namely Naulakha and Somnath. Temple of Somnath is dedicated to Lord Shiva having exquisite moldings and temple of Naulakha is a Jain temple having elaborate carvings.
By Road: Jodhpur city is well linked with the major states of domestic by national highways and state. To the visitors the state buses gives a decent service.
By Train: The nearest railway station is Jodhpur which is well linked by railway lines.
By Air: From the centre of city Jodhpur airport is situated about 5 km. The nearest airport is the Delhi International Airport for the international tourists.